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BIOGRAPHY

SANDOZ Edouard-Marcel

Edouard-Marcel Sandoz is born in 1881 in Basel. He is the son of the Swiss industrial, Edouard Constant Sandoz. He spends the twenty first years of his life between Lausanne and Château-d’Oex. From 1900 to 1903 he attends the School of Decorative Arts in Geneva, he then leaves for Paris in 1904. There, he trains at the School of Fine Arts where he has the sculptor and painter Marius-Jean-Antonin Mercié as a teacher. At the beginning of his career, the style of Sandoz is influenced by the cubist movement, but he soon leaves it for a more naturalised representation. Figurative and animalist sculptor, his materials of predilections are bronze, different types of stones such as marble, semiprecious stones or ceramic. He creates various objects including lamps, bookends or radiator caps for automobiles. In the 1920s he develops a light projection method for stages sets. Edouard-Marcel Sandoz is an innovative artist and is one of the first sculptors to use colored stones in his work, considered controversial because they do not correspond to the “rules of art” at the time. In 1933, he founds the French society of animal artists. Sandoz collaborates on several occasions with the Swiss architect Jean Tschumi for, among other things, the Nestlé pavilion at the Paris Universal Exhibition in 1937 and for the construction of the Sandoz laboratories in Orleans. He is particularly known for his animalist sculptures for which he inspires himself by observing the animals alive. In 1947, Edouard-Marcel Sandoz is elected member of the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris; in 1959, he receives the title of “doctor honoris causa ès sciences naturelles” of the University of Lausanne for his research in the animal domain. He spends most of his life in Paris but would return to Switzerland often. He dies in Lausanne in 1971.

THE WORKS

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