Jean-Michel Frank was born in Paris in 1895. The first apartments he decorated were those of Pierre Drieu La Rochelle in 1921, and those of heiress and publisher Nancy Cunard. He partnered with cabinetmaker Adolphe Chanaux to make minimalist furniture (for which he used materials such as straw, shagreen, and parchment), objects, and lamps. In 1926 he created a smoking room and boudoir for the Noailles, which served as his letter of introduction to the Paris elite. In 1930, having become Chanaux & Cie’s artistic director, he surrounded himself with artists such as Alberto Giacometti and Emilio Terry to create pieces for him. The collaboration was an immediate success and orders from VIP clients came pouring in. In 1939 Chanaux’s workshops closed, and in 1940 he left France for Argentina. He took his own life in 1941.